Living conditions in Oxnard were beginning to get modernized. Most of the houses had outhouses and very few had bathrooms with running water and toilets.
Our house had a wooden sink in the kitchen with wooden sewer pipes going out to the street. The pipes were made of 1x 6 redwood boards nailed to form a rectangular trough. We did not have a bathroom. We bathed in a laundry tub in the kitchen; mama heated the water on the stove.
We had an outhouse in the back. After a while John dug a new hole and moved the house over it. Mama called it “La Casita”, which means the little house. Even after John added the bathroom in the back of the house with a toilet, a sink, and a porcelain tub, she still called it “La Casita”.